Belgium And Rumania In The 19th Century: There appear to have existed relations between Rumania and the Netherlands as early as the middle-ages. The Belgian revolution and the very liberal constitution of the new Belgian state were viewed with considerable sympathy in the press of the Danubian principalities. After the revolution was crushed in Rumania in 1848, some of the people fled to the West, including Belgium, and it is in that country that Cetan Boliac and C.A. Rosetti published La république roumaine and L'Etoile du Danube. Intellectual relations were established after some Rumanians came to Belgium to study at the universities, e.g. the philosopher Basile Conta who achieved a Ph.D. at the university of Brussels. Already in the first years after Belgium became independent, a commercial mission sent to Constantinople gave proof of interest in the possibilities of trading with the Principalities, and indeed very soon - in 1838 - a Belgian consulate was established in Galatz. The foundation of a Belgian vice-consulate in Braila followed in 1855. The consulate of Galatz was brought over to Bucarest and had jurisdiction for the whole of Moldavia-Valachia. When Rumania became an independant state and was fighting for diplomatic recognition by the powers, Belgium was one of the first states to be considered as the seat of a Rumanian diplomatic mission. The goal was reached in 1880, and commercial treaties were concluded in 1880 and 1894. Thereafter, the economic relations between the two countries thrived.